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Position Paper of ISPO on 3D Printing Technology

Thursday 11 April 2019   (0 Comments)
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Three-dimensional (3D) printing is considered as an additive manufacturing process to make 3D objects. With the evolution of this technique since the 1980s, its applications are getting closer to the users of prosthetic and orthotic services.

In the delivery of quality prosthetic and orthotic services, clinical and technological advancements are equally important. Patients should be comprehensively assessed before an appropriate prescription for a prosthesis or orthosis is given. In the fabrication of prostheses or orthoses, advanced technological developments could offer an effective and reliable service to the users. The enhancement of 3D printing technology may facilitate clinical treatment outcomes.

Technology application for clinical use is only enhanced when a team of experts with different backgrounds work together and support each other in both the development and application stages. The application of 3D printing technology could be used from simple to complex prostheses or orthoses in which a wide range of clinical and technological knowledge, skills and experiences is envisaged and needed. Close collaboration among different disciplines is the basic pre-requisites for successful application of such technology.

Relevant clinical and technical research studies should be conducted before 3D printing technology is established to formulate evidence-based practice for 3D printing in the field of prosthetics and orthotics.

This position paper was prepared by the Scientific Committee of ISPO in March 2019. For further information, please contact Dr. M. S. Wong, Chair of Scientific Committee, International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics via his email (