Prosthetics and orthotics are established disciplines in the field of health science and are often practiced together as they have many commonalities from clinical, technical, and therapy perspectives. Prosthetic and orthotic devices are usually part of the secondary/tertiary care, habilitation, and rehabilitation programs.
A prosthesis or orthosis enables a person with disability or functional impairment to remain active, productive and independent, participate in society, and lead a healthy and dignified life. A good quality orthosis or prosthesis, when appropriate to the person and their environment, has a significant impact on the level of person’s independence and reduces the need for formal support services.
Prosthetic and orthotic care typically involves a referral and appointment from a physician or healthcare team member, assessment, device prescription (selection), funding and ordering of materials and components, product manufacturing and preparation, fitting (customizing device to the person), training, follow-up, maintenance and repairs1.
1 The eight steps of service delivery: 1 = referral and appointment, 2 = assessment, 3 = prescription (selection), 4 = funding & ordering, 5 = product preparation, 6 = fitting, 7 = user training, 8 = follow-up, maintenance and repairs.